Comparison of ND/MD Scope of Practice and Education

ND Education (Post-graduate)

First Year

Gross Anatomy, Histology, Embryology, Biochemistry, Physiology, Neuroscience, Research Methods & Design, The Determinants of Health, Naturopathic Clinical Theory, Clinic Entry, Principles of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Massage, Hydrotherapy/ Physiotherapy, Ayurvedic Medicine, Botanical Medicine, The Vis Medicatrix Naturae, Physician Heal Thyself

Second Year

Human Pathology, Immunology, Botanical Medicine , Homeopathy, Clinical Lab Diagnosis, Physical/Clinical Diagnosis, Counseling, Foods/Nutrition, Dietary Systems & Assessment, Infectious Diseases, Macro & Micronutrients, Pharmacology, Clinic Entry II, Clinical Preceptorships, Naturopathic Manipulation

1st and 2nd years Total: 154.5 credits


3rd and 4th Year Courses/ Clinicals

Case Analysis/Mgmt, Cardiology, Minor Surgery, Medical Procedures, Botanical Medicine, Normal Maternity, Environmental Medicine, Public Health, Gastroenterology, EENT, Naturopathic Manipulation 2-4, Orthopedics, Psychological Assessment, Diet & Nutrient Therapy, ND Clinical Theory, Dermatology, Oncology, Gynecology, Pediatrics, Sports Medicine & Therapeutic Exercise, Addictions/ Disorders, Botanical Medicine Lab, Practice Management, Clinical Ecology, Neurology, Family Medicine, The Healing Systems, Radiographic Interpretation, Endocrinology, Geriatrics, Urology, Adv. Naturopathic Therapeutics, Ethics, Diagnostic Imaging, Rheumatology, Jurisprudence, Pulmonology & 15 credits of electives

3rd and 4th years Total: 161 credits


 Total Credits (ND Program) 315.5



ND Scope of Practice


  • All legend drugs (Tier I and tier II.)
  • Tier III controlled substances to include codeine and testosterone with current DEA license.
  • Injection therapies to include IV therapy of drugs within scope of practice.
  • Naturopathic physicians may not treat malignancies unless in conjunction with Oncologist.

ND Office Procedures

  • Venipuncture
  • Laceration Repair
  • Skin Scrapings
  • All Cultures
  • Pap Smears
  • Foreign Body Removal (Excluding Eye)
  • IM injections
  • Immunizations
  • IV Therapy

MD Education (Post-graduate)

First Year

Gross Anatomy, Histology, Embryology, Physiology, Biochemistry, Systems of Human Behavior I, Cell and Tissue Response to Injury, Microbiology and Infectious Disease, Introduction to Immunology, Head, Neck, Ear, Nose, and Throat, Nervous System, Critical Reading and Evaluation of Medical Literature, Introduction to Clinical Medicine

Second Year

Cardiology, Pulmonology, Pharmacology, Endocrinology, Systemic Pathology, Genetics, Dermatology, Gastrointestinal System, Epidemiology, Hematology, Musculoskeletal System, Health and Society, Urology, Human Behavior II, Reproduction, Nutrition for Physicians, Introduction to Clinical Medicine

1st and 2nd years Total: 124 credits


3rd and 4th Year Clinical Clerkship

Family medicine, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, psychiatry, and surgery rehabilitation medicine/chronic care, emergency care/trauma, neurology, and surgery electives Additional clinical or non-clinical electives

3rd and 4th years Total: 164 credits

Total Credits (MD Program) 288



MD Scope of Practice


  • The definition of practice of medicine states that MD’s may “… cure, advise or prescribe for any human disease, ailment, injury, infirmity, deformity, pain or other condition, physical or mental, real or imaginary, by any means or instrumentality.”
  • Tier I, II, III and IV drugs.

MD Office Procedures

  • Open to any type of non-invasive or invasive procedure.